COP26: 5 things to remember about the climate of day 9 of the Glasgow talks

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Here’s what you need to know about summit day 9.

U.S. House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez – known as AOC – showed up at the COP on Tuesday with very different messages.

Pelosi reaffirmed the House Democrats’ plan to pass President Joe Biden’s $ 1.9 trillion economic and climate bill next week. “We are very proud of it,” she said.

She also said the US House delegation came to the summit “equipped” and “up to the challenge at the moment.”

But as Pelosi sought to say America was at the forefront of the climate crisis again, Ocasio-Cortez, who is also a Democrat, said there was still some way to go.

“No, we haven’t recovered our moral authority. I believe we are taking steps,” Ocasio-Cortez said. “We really need to take action to get international respect and authority, to get the credit. We have to cut emissions to get the credit for our commitment to climate change. That is. really that simple. ”

Ocasio-Cortez has said she is seeking to force her party members to pass the Economic and Climate Bill, which contains $ 555 billion for renewable energy incentives and tax credits. If passed, it would be the biggest climate investment in Congress history.

Amal the puppet makes an appearance at the COP

A giant puppet named Little Amal – which is the Arabic word for hope – opened the COP26 plenary event on gender equality, drawing attention to refugee children living on the front lines of climate change.

Representing a young Syrian refugee, the three-and-a-half-meter puppet was joined on stage by Samoan climate activist Brianna Fruean. Amal presented Fruean with a bag of seeds. Fruean gave Amal a sei flower, representing hope and light.

The Samoan activist called on world leaders to act as “planters of a global future”.

“I hope these seeds that Amal traveled here with today can inspire you all and remind you of the importance of your role as planters of a global future,” said Fruean, calling on leaders to “sow the solutions, goals, and hard limits that can help heal this broken world. “

“We both embarked here on a journey. We arrived here at the COP from two very different places. But we are bound by the fact that we live in a broken world that has systematically marginalized women and girls, by especially women and girls from vulnerable communities, ”said Fruean.

Little Amal, led by puppeteers, has traveled more than 5,000 miles from Turkey to Glasgow to draw attention to the plight of young refugees.

We’re gonna blow past 1.5 degrees

Oil storage tanks are pictured in Artesia, New Mexico.
Even with the wave of new promises to cut greenhouse gas emissions, new analysis shows the world is on track for 2.4 degrees Celsius warming above pre-industrial levels – well above of the 1.5 degree limit that scientists say the planet should stay under.
World on track for 2.4-degree warming despite COP26 commitments, analysis finds

The Climate Action Tracker (CAT) watchdog warned on Tuesday that global greenhouse gas emissions in 2030 will still be about twice as high as what is needed to stay below the 1.5 degree threshold.

The net zero targets of 40 countries account for 85% of global emission reductions, but the group found that only 6% of those emissions were supported by concrete plans, under what are known as determined contributions to the government. national level (NDC).

“It’s great for leaders to pretend they have a net zero goal, but if they don’t have any plans on how to get there, and their goals for 2030 are as low as so many. ‘between them are, so frankly these net zero targets are lip service to real climate action, “said Bill Hare, CEO of Climate Analytics, in a statement.” Glasgow has a serious lack of credibility . “

Taryn Fransen, international climate change policy expert at the World Resources Institute, said the NDCs of Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Australia, Turkey and Russia were not on track with their own net targets zero. She said new and updated NDCs covered around 80% of global emissions, but only around 63% of emissions were addressed by a significant change in those plans.

Germany, US, China push back electric vehicle deal

An electric car being charged in Las Vegas.

A global agreement on electric vehicles was to be announced on Wednesday, while the theme of COP26 is transport. But the United States, China and Germany are resisting the deal, according to several reports, which is led by the British presidency of COP26.

CNN secured a draft zero-emission vehicle declaration, without a signature, which would commit signatories to “work to ensure that all sales of new cars and vans are zero-emission around the world by 2040, and at most. late in 2035 in the main markets “.

The agreement aims to include countries, automakers and financial institutions. A footnote in the statement makes it clear that the agreement “is not legally binding and focuses on a global level”.

U.S. and Chinese officials did not respond to CNN’s request for comment.

A German government official told CNN that delegates were debating whether to get on board as Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer was not ready to sign a deal. Germany is the largest car manufacturer in Europe.

“We know that the Minister of Transport is not ready to sign,” said the source. Scheuer’s office did not respond to CNN’s request for comment.

The co-founder and CEO of climate think tank E3G, Nick Mabey, said it was “clear that neither China nor the United States, for various reasons [will sign the declaration], although both have very aggressive policies when it comes to electric vehicles and are trying to expand into the entire global market for good. “

He added: “They are not going to commit to a phase-out although this has been discussed a lot in these countries.”

Who will pay for the crisis?

The Grijalva River after overflowing due to heavy rains in Villahermosa, Mexico in November 2020.

The COP26 presidency says it hopes to have a draft text for the Glasgow deal by the end of Tuesday, but there are still considerable gaps in the deal on who should pay for the crisis, especially so that Southern countries are adapting to its impacts.

Jennifer Tollman, E3G’s senior policy adviser, said the issue was one of the few key sticking points and if not resolved the whole deal could fall apart “like dominoes “.

More money has started to flow in the past two days, with the European Union announcing € 100 million ($ 115 million) to the dedicated Adaptation Fund on Tuesday.

It follows a collective $ 232 million pledge from 13 national and subnational governments, including top donors from the United States and Canada, on Monday, which was marked by the UNFCCC as the highest mobilization ever for the bottom.

“We're not just someone to watch.  Sidelined groups complain of racial symbolism in COP26 climate talks

“It is about fighting against the effects of the crisis in which we already find ourselves”, declared the Vice-President of the European Commission, Frans Timmermans, during the announcement of the commitment. “It’s not just about preventing things from getting worse, but we really need to realize that today is a day when we also need to act on adaptation. Funding for adaptation is essential. . “

Several developing countries and civil society groups say the bulk of climate finance has been spent on mitigation – reducing greenhouse gases – but argue that 50% of the funds should be used to help them s ‘adapt to the crisis. It can mean anything from building levees and levees to prevent flooding, or upgrading buildings to withstand extreme weather events.

While the rich countries have agreed to transfer 100 billion dollars a year to the countries of the South to help them in their energy transition and for adaptation, reports have shown that much more money is needed.

Developed countries should “mobilize and provide at least 1.3 trillion US dollars per year by 2030 on the basis of subsidies of which 50% for mitigation and 50% for adaptation”, declared the Gabonese minister of Environment Lee White, speaking on behalf of the African Group.


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